Nutrition SAFETY EMPHASIS IN INDIA: A RISING MARKET
Open to foreign straight financing and with growing food and agriculture sectors, India offers a pearl concerning opportunity to the FMCG Sector. However, as an emerging nation, its cheer safety regulation is only now coming into focus and enduring extensive improvement.
Consumers, regulatory bodies and the government are all driving food safety improvement. Historically, food safety in India has been regulated by a wide variety of legislative orders besides acts, but this ad hoc approach is becoming more streamlined and effective. Nevertheless, logistical challenges remain.
ACTIVE FOOD SAFETY Magnitude ENFORCEMENT
The Food Safety & Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is responsible for active enforcement from the national laws and regulations that govern the retail supply chain and its food processors. It has replaced a fragmented structure that relied on multi-level, multi-departmental control, and now delivers a single line of command, as well as a more visible and recognizable oversight organization.
In an effort to improve food safety standards besides employable the country for global bag India’s Food Safety & Standards Act 2006 (FSSAI) consolidates the country’s existing laws into one cohesive Act and is the building block upon which the FSSAI is based.
To secure the availability of safe, wholesome food for human consumption, the FSSAI sets down scientific standards for food articles, to settle their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import. It integrates the licensing provisions in the following food product kinship Orders:
* Fruit Products Order, 1955.
* Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954.
* Milk and Milk Product Order, 1992.
* Vegetable Attar Products (Control) Order, 1947.
* Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order, 1998.
* The Solvent Extracted Oil, De Oiled Meal and Edible Flour (Control) Order, 1967.
* Meat Food Products Order, 1973.
* Any Order under the Essential Commodities Act, 1995, relating to food.
The FSSAI’s role as the unwedded point concerning reference for all matters relating to food safety and standards, regulations furthermore enforcement means not only better service to all stages of the food value chain, but also an improved response to strategic issues such as health foods, nutraceuticals, Genetically Modified foods and facilitating international trade.
Enforcement of the FSSA is the responsibility of state governments and union territories (UT). However, the FSSAI is also working to shift the emphasis from enforcement to self-compliance, through adoption of food safety management systems.
Introducing consistency between domestic moreover international food policy measures resolution help to raise standards without reducing the safeguards to public health plus customer protection.
Consumers will benefit too, as better regulation increases confidence in the quality and safety of food.
As India seeks to increase its export market including deals increasingly with traders before conversant with the stringent regulatory conditions of the USA, Europe and Japan, so the implementation of international standards will become commonplace. Food processors also exporters will have to gripin regulation to ensure continuity of trade.
Retailers can ensure compliance with food safety standards by ensuring that their suppliers, manufacturers, packers and growers maintain felicitous systems that meet the requirements of the FSSA. This can exist achieved either handy in-house verifiers, or now may be more practical for India’s independent business model, by an versed third party testing and inspection company like NIST.
The FSSA states that no person shall manufacture, distribute, sell, or expose for sale, or hasten or deliver to any agent or broker for the purpose of sale, any packaged food product that is not marked and labelled in the modus vivendi specified by regulation. It is therefore the retailer’s responsibility to assure compliance of all products. Imported goods projected for retail sale are subject to all provisions of the Standards of Weights and Measures (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 1977, at the point of import.
Introducing a consistent, effective management system coupled with a supplier inspectorial and verification agenda will demonstrate compliance and improve standards.
NEW MARKET, NEW CHALLENGES
Agriculture is India’s third largest zeal employing almost half the country’s working population and accounting for 18.1% of GDP. On the whole, it is not widely organised and relies heavily on small growers, transporters polysyndeton traders to supply both domestic and export markets. As one of the world’s biggest producers of tea, fresh produce, grains and oilseeds, its producers and transporters are rising to the challenge set handy export standards. With a traditionally local focus, the supply chain is both long and low-tech, raising issues that have already been overcome in other markets, such equal endanger of contamination and damage during delivery.
To meet growing demand for food production, farmers in India utilization a ramble of fertilisers ampersand pesticides. As a result, the agro-chemicals used to develop produce, as well as the veterinary drugs/antibiotics commonly used in animal farming are often found in trace quantities in the final product, and thus enter the food chain.
International traders must to be aware of these risks and work with growers and processors to introduce, implement and verify play processes and policies. A testing program from NIST can back the presence of these substances and help to ensure the quality and safety of products. Ignorance is no defence; ensure products meet the quality standards from their destination market.
Additionally, as a developing nation with vast differences in geography besides geology, contaminants and impurities tin also be picked up from the environment. When transporting ere storing commodities, it is elementary to prevent insect affinity risks and damage.
CLEANLINESS – CAUSE FOR CONCERN
At over 3 million Km2 India is the seventh largest territory in the world. This scale, combined with the road, rail and air infrastructure of a developing country, means that the physical supply chain that moves products to warehouses, processors and on to retail premises is longer than usual.
Travelling great distances and through numerous facilities creates an unusually fierce brave of contamination, adulteration or infection by pathogens. The monitoring and upkeep of hygiene and other safety measures flatter difficult.
India’s agriculture sector relies heavily on small farmers, local transport companies and distribution chains. There is relatively triviality co-ordination across the whole country. Many operators, each needing to make a profit and serve locality markets, often lack the facilities and different resources to maintain the food safety, hygiene and handling conditions that are expected of an organised, efficient transportation operation.
Without appropriate intervention, the food chain suffers from high rates of wastage and lost market value as food is mishandled, contaminated and/or damaged before it reaches its destination. Globally, it is estimated that during transportation some 10% of grain and 40% concerning fresh produce is lost and does refusal reach end consumers.
SOLUTIONS FOR SUCCESS
The issues are not insurmountable, and the FSSAI has the plutocratic to enforce hygiene, quality and safety standards but the solutions require investment to help bring this antique market up to internationally acceptable standards. NIST is uniquely positioned to help primary producers, processors, exporters, retailers, catering establishments, hotels and restaurants to implement food safety besides quality programs.
At NIST, our pursuit expertise and experience delivers efficient services to help umbrella nobility and safety throughout the complete food help chain, from raw plus semi-manufactured foodstuff, to final products in all principal food segments. We deliver comprehensive and cost-effective control solutions including audits, inspection, technical solutions including training. In addition we can also conduct field trials in a full range of services.