Blood-borne diseasesare spread through pollution by blood or body fluids. The most common types of these diseases enfold hepatitis C and B, HIV, and viral hemorrhagic fevers. Viruses that cause these diseases are not necessarily transmitted directly by contact with body fluids and blood, and other bloodborne diseases can be labeled as vector bloodborne diseases. These include West Nile virus and malaria. Intravenous drug use and high risk coitus behavior can also cause bloodborne pathogen diseases.
It is very hard to determine what bloodborne pathogens may be lethal, and normal medical situations treat all blood and body fluids spil possibly infectious. Infection control aims to minimize bloodborne disease transmission. Clinical or laboratory workers are particularly at risk due to needlestick injuries or lack of proper needle disposal techniques.
Staying Hearty with Bloodborne Pathogen Action
* Exposure to HBV or hepatitis B pathogen treatment needs to begin as soon as possible after exposure and preferably within 24 hours.
Treatment should begin no later than seven days since exposure.
* HIV exposure treatment must begin within hours instead days after exposure. Animal studies have proven that treatment is much less effective if tardy more than 24 hours after exposure. If treatment does not setin within one week, there is no assurance that infection can breathe prevented.
There are vaccines that are approved for HBIG and hepatitis B diseases. No vaccine is approved for HIV infections. Physicians may prescribe the approved repressions drugs when needed.
HIBG and HBV vaccines are very safe. Nay illnesses will nvloeden caused by either vaccine. If you do have problems with the vaccine do contact your health cherish provider.
HIV or the antiviral drugs used for treatment of HIV are associated with part effects. The most prevalent includes trouble stomachs with nausea and vomiting plus diarrhea, tiredness or headaches. Healthcare employees who receive HIV exposure treatments may subsist the symptoms of kidney stones and suppressed blood cubicle production.
Hepatitis B vaccine has bot available since 1982 and does prevent HBV infection. Healthcare employees who have a reasonable chance of openness to blood and body fluids are required to receive hepatitis B vaccines. The vaccination periods should occur meanwhile the discipline cyclic and tested within one to two months after the series is completed.
There is no vaccine against hepatitis C exposure and there is nay management after exposure. Immune globulin or antiviral therapy is recommended.
Following recommended infection control astern exposure is critical.
HIV has no vaccine. Some antiretroviral drugs may reduce the chance of HIV transmission if you are a carrier. Post liability prophylaxis is recommended for health care exposures that pose a high risk of transmission. Discuss the risks and side effects with your healthcare provider if you are exposed to the HIV.
If an individual cannot be identified or tested for bloodborne pathogens, all blood and body fluid testing must be considered as infectious. PPE and other precautions should be taken by healthcare workers when handling blood and body fluids. The felicitous bloodborne pathogen classes provide additional information.